Below are some useful termonology and their meaning.
The Kurdistan Workers' Party, (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan) PKK, is a Kurdish militant organization based in Turkey and Iraqi Kurdistan.
From 1984 to 2013, the PKK waged an armed struggle against the Turkish state for cultural and political rights and self-determination for the Kurds in Turkey, who comprise between 10% and 25% of the population and have been subjected to repression for decades. The group was founded in 1978 in the village of Fis (near Lice) by a group of Kurdish students led by Abdullah Öcalan. The PKK's ideology was originally a fusion of revolutionary socialism and Kurdish nationalism, seeking the foundation of an independent, Marxist–Leninist state in the region, which was to be known as Kurdistan.